Psychology 11
Drug Notes Sheet
Group Names: Martine Kramer and Haley Perry
Drug Name: Anorexia
Common Street Names: Bone bag, skin and bones, skinny mini, stick,
What is it?
· When a person refuses to eat due to the fear of gaining weight.
· Refuses to maintain a healthy body weight
· Distorted image of themselves and their body

Primary Physiological and Psychological Effects:
· Skinniness
· Malnutrition
· Dread of becoming fat
· Discust with how body looks
· Meal times may cause stress
· Always thinking about what you can and can’t eat
· Thoughts about dieting, food and your body constantly
· Little time for friends, family and other activities that use to be enjoyable
· Life becomes relentless struggle to be thin
· Go to extremes to lose weight
· Never skinny enough
· Denial of having a problem, repression.
· Potential deadly, very dangerous
· Can be treated.
· Perfectionists and over achievers
· People pleasers
· Excel in everything they do
· Do what they are told
· Inside feel helpless, inadequate and worthless
· Harshey self critical
· Think if they aren’t perfect, they are total failures.
·


Possibility of Physiological and Psychological Dependency:
· Obsessed over thinking about it
· Obsessive behavoir towards loosing wieght.
· Can’t ever feel skinny enough
· Has a very destructive path and can be hard to stop once it is started

Risk Factors:
· Body dissatisfaction
· Strict dieting
· Low self esteem
· Difficulty expressing feelings
· Perfectionism
· Troubled family relationships
· History of physical or sexual abuse
· Family history of eating disorders

Health Side Effects:
· Sever mood swings, depression
· Lack of energy, weakness
· Slow thinking, poor memory
· Dry, yellowish skin and brittle nails.
· Constipation and bloating
· Tooth decay and gum damage
· Dizziness, fainting, and headaches
· Growth of fine hair all over body and face

High Dosage or Overdose Effects and Possibility of Fatality:
· Stave too much, fainting can occur
· If it goes on for too long, death can occur
· 20% of people with serious eating disorders will die (without treatment)
· With treatment, only 2-3% die
· 60% make full recovery, 20% make partial recovery (can have relationships, jobs but are still focused on food and weight)
· Final 20% stay drastically underweight.


Consistent/Predictable Effects: Yes
Increased Tolerance to Drug: Yes
Genetic Damage:
· Cannot reproduce because you don’t have your period
· Feelings of low self esteem and depression may pass onto children, genetic psychological.
· Aneroxia can run in families
· A girl with a sibling with anorexia is 10 to 20 times more likely to develop anorexia
· Brain chemistry plays a significant role
· High levels of cortisol (brain hormone that relates to stress)
· Decreased levels of serotonin and norepinephrine (assocaited with feelings and well being)
·


Where the Drug is most Commonly Used:
· Girls are more likely to be anorexic than boys, but it does happen in both genders.

Teen Use:
· 40%-60% of high school girls diet
· 50% of girls between 13 and 15 believe they are over weight
· 80% of 13yr olds have dieted
· 40% of 9yr olds have dieted
· Third most common chronic illness among adolescents
Cost to Society/Family and Friends:
· Frequently in emergency rooms, mental health clinics, hospitals and eating disorder treatment programs
· Social and family pressures can contribute to anorexia
· Pressure from activities that require slenderness such as ballet, gymnastics and modeling can contribute as well
· Overlly controlling partents who value looks (ephisize on looks, weight, diet and critize childrens body and appearances) may contribute
· Puberty, break ups, starting/ going away to school (stressful events) can cause anorexia
·


Bibliography
Helpguide.org.(2011).Anorexia Nervosa. http://www.helpguide.org/mental/anorexia_signs_symptoms_cause_treatment.htm
Wikipedia.(2011). Anorexia Nervosa. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/anorexia_nervosa
Mirror-Mirror. (2011). Anorexia statistics. http://mirror-mirror.org/anorexia-statistics.htm